I am not very clear on the difference between "society" and "the society". As far as I know, "society" (without "the") refers to a society that is more general. But I don't have a clear distinction between them.
Could anybody explain to me? For example, if I want to say "socialization is the process of learning to live in (the) society", should I use "the"?
Edit: I am still a little confused here: it seems that "society" can still refer to a subset of people. After seeing your answer, my understanding is that without the article, "society" doesn't emphasize a specific society: it doesn't matter which society it refers to (although through context, which one is referred can be inferred). With "the", however, the speaker emphasizes a specific society.
Then the sentences should be different:
Soldiers protect society.
Soldiers protect the society.
Am I right? Could someone further explain it to me?