Learn English – Opposite of “expanded”


I am looking for the word to use when saying the opposite of expanded/expand/expansion. Here is an example of how I want to use the word:

In the summer the wood expanded, now it is winter and the wood

Also, if there are other antonyms for expand, please let me know.

Best Answer


The wood contracted.

See the second definition.

v.intr. 1. To enter into or make an agreement: contract for garbage collection. 2. To become reduced in size by or as if by being drawn together: The pupils of the patient's eyes contracted.

=== edit Added antonyms and usage ===

For other opposites, try http://www.synonym.com/antonyms/expanded/.

Antonym of contract (Sense 9) =>abridge, foreshorten, abbreviate, shorten, cut, contract, reduce"

Here, I'm using expanded and its antonym as a transitive verb.

He expanded/abridged his novel.

She expanded/foreshortened her perspective.

He expanded/abbreviated his speech.

She expanded/shortened her trip.

They expanded/cut her research budget.

Here, I'm using expanded and its antonym as an intransitive verb

The bridge expanded/contracted as the temperature changed.

His waistline expanded/reduced with exercise.