Learn English – Subject + having (grammar)


I have found the sentence which uses a structure following below:
S + having + O
The sentence is like this :
A name having some properties

In here, I am confuse, does the sentence refer to simple or continuous verb?

Best Answer

There's two different constructs that match what you're talking about.

  1. A present participle giving more information about something that's happened, as in the comment example: "John, having the gun, ensured that nobody left the room." This describes John by mentioning that he has the gun.
  2. A gerund, treating an action as a noun. An example would be "John having a gun made the situation ten times more explosive." Here, the phrase is being used to mean "The fact that John had a gun." and that implicit fact is the subject of the verb made.

Useful further reading on these two: http://www.chompchomp.com/terms/gerundphrase.htm

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