Learn English – What’s the deal with the prefix “re-” with the Latin root “ques”, “qui”, and “quearere”


The Latin root is ques or qui as seen in words like question, quest, inquiry, and quiz. Very related to this Latin root is the root quearere, which seems to have a fair amount of influence on the word require. The other word that jumps to my attention is request.


cause to be necessary. (Google)


verb (which has been nounified)

to politely ask for. (Google)

What purpose does the prefix re- serve here? Seeing as both these words a derived from Latin, I would assume the re- prefix follow along the line of:

back again, or again and again, or withdraw

However, quearere generally means to seek and quest means to search for something, so shouldn’t require loosely translate to search again, search for a long time, or stop searching?

Why is it a request the first time I ask for something instead of the second time I go search for something?

If I requiz someone, I am most certainly quizing them again.

If I make a reinquiry, I would undoubtedly be asking again the same as if I were to requestion someone.

Can someone bring some insight to the way the prefix re- is being used here?

Best Answer

I'm loosely translating this definition below from an italian etimologic dictionary: http://www.etimo.it/?term=ri

re- or in its original form red- in latin is a preposition that means - back (retract), - against (repugnant), - renewal (recognition) - giving back (return, repay) - bring to its original state (restore) - put in the right place (riporre in italian) - an action that repeats (rifondere - reimburse) - intensifier (redundant) - pleonastic (represent)

So the -re root has quite a diverse action.

Require and request have both the same root: quearere


For some reasons the latin-english online dictionary offers only 3 definitions for this word while the latin-italian has 11, which is why I am posting italian links. I translated it to english below:

quearere is not only to seek but also :

search, go in search search in vain, try to find

strive, aspire to, to desire, to want, to desire, seek, attempt to obtain

get, obtain, procure, make, buy, win, earn

(of inanimate objects) request require

try to stir up, to try to do, make, run

search, investigate, examine, consider, discuss

ask, question, inquire, question, try to know

process, make a judicial inquiry, instructing a process

ask someone

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