[RPG] How to figure the dice and bonuses for attack rolls and damage rolls


I'm building my character, a Half-Elf Ranger, and I'm a little confused about how to work out the attack bonus and the damage bonus.

So, please tell me if I've got this right:

  • I'm proficient with a longbow. That means my attack roll is 1d20 + prof bonus + Dex modifier.
  • The damage roll however is 1d8 + Dex modifier.

I'm just a little confused about working out the numbers (without even going into spells and when to roll for attack, etc.)

Best Answer

Yes, you're understanding it correctly.

You roll your attack roll for the bow with proficiency and Dex modifier (PHB p. 194), and damage with just Dex (PHB p. 196).