[RPG] How to learn new tool proficiencies


In D&D 5E, is there a way besides the Guild Artisan Background (PHB 132-133) to learn professional skills? i.e. blacksmithing, knowledge, gem cutting, etc.?

Best Answer

The short answer is "yes, in downtime."

Player's Handbook

Training in new tool proficiencies is explicitly covered in the Player's Handbook, pg 187, under "Training":

The training lasts for 250 days and costs 1 gp per day. After you spend the requisite amount of time and money, you learn the new language or gain proficiency with the new tool.

Dungeon Master's Guide

The Dungeon Master's Guide mentions training as a possible reward under the "Marks of Prestige" section (begins on page 228; training is discussed on page 231). No mechanics are given for this; it is entirely the DM's prerogative.

Xanathar's Guide to Everything

Xanathar's introduces more fleshed out rules for downtime activities, one set of which is provided under "Training" on page 134:

Receiving training in a language or tool typically takes at least ten workweeks, but this time is reduced by a number of workweeks equal to the character's Intelligence modifier (an Intelligence penalty doesn't increase the time needed). Training costs 25 gp per workweek.

Under these rules, the cost would be the same or less, and the time would be significantly less. However, Xanathar's also includes rules for downtime complications that can result; the examples given in the book are all related to something happening to or because of the teacher.

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