[SalesForce] HTTP Callout from salesforce to private server URL(VPN connected)

Can we hit a private server URL with HTTP request from Salesforce ?? or the server should always be public.

I have make the Post callout which was written in Rails (hosted on Private server- VPN connected) which will get the Json response. When i tried to execute the code in Salesforce, i got an error 'Server unavailable,status code = 503'.

Below is the Apex class and Response Code

public class CreateSalesOrder {
public static String makePostCallout() {
String responsebody;
JSONGenerator gen = JSON.createGenerator(true);
gen.writeStringField('companyName', '1234');
gen.writeStringField('firstName', 'open');
gen.writeStringField('lastName', 'High');
gen.writeStringField('address1', 'High');
String jsonS = gen.getAsString();
// Sending the http body with JSON 
String endpoint = 'http://xxx.stage.com/salesforce/api';
HttpRequest req = new HttpRequest();
req.setHeader('Content-Type', 'application/json;charset=UTF-8');
req.setHeader('Accept', 'text/html');
try {
Http http = new Http();
HTTPResponse response = http.send(req);
System.debug('HTTP Response Code: ' + response.getStatusCode());
System.debug('Response Body: ' + response.getBody());
return response.getBody();
} catch (Exception e) {
System.debug('Callout Error:' + e.getMessage());
return e.getMessage();

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Best Answer

Your server hosting the service will need to be able to respond to the public IP addresses that Salesforce uses to call it from Apex. Otherwise there would be no way for Salesforce to communicate with it.

You can see the list of IP addresses in - What are the Salesforce IP Addresses & Domains to whitelist?

I see you have the endpoint of http://xxx.stage.com/salesforce/api. Salesforce will need to be able to resolve xxx.stage.com to the public IP address of the target server.