Being a noob, it's difficult to get my head wrapped around the vastness of the salesforce expanse.
In Visual Studio and other environments like the standard Java Eclipse, they typically have an object browser where you can inspect the properties, methods, events, enums, etc… of all the objects in the framework.
Is there such a thing in the Salesforce world?
I believe Schema Builder is through the UI. If you would like to browse SObjects through Eclipse, you can use the Schema Explorer, which is available whenever you add a Force.com nature to a project.